Option: Psychology of Human Relationships

Learning Outcomes Overview Sheet – fill out:

Learning outcomes Human Relationships

8.1 Human relationships: social responsibility

p. 258-270


Social responsibility 8.1

Kitty Genovese – classic example of Bystander Effect

Bystander Effect – people watch girl being abducted

Baby Left in Car

New York Subway Hero (altruistic behaviour)

Daniel Goleman, author of Emotional Intelligence, asks why we aren’t more compassionate more of the time.


8.2 Human relationships: interpersonal relationships p. 271-285


interpersonal relationships 8.2 p. 271-272

Origin of attraction

The role of communication in maintaining relationships


8.3 Human relationships: violence p. 286-301



sociocultural_origins_of_violence discuss_the_relative_effectiveness_of_two_strategies_for

Olweus’s official webpage

Application in real life: Local news: Ringstorpsskolan i Helsingborg har blivit Olweus-certifierad

Ringstorpsskolan är den senaste i raden av våra skolor som blivit Olweus-certifierad.

Olweus är ett vetenskapligt utvärderat program mot mobbning och kränkande behandling. Alla skolor inom Kunskapsstaden Helsingborg arbetar med programmet och från och med våren 2011 arbetar alla med att få en Olweuscertifiering.

Resources on the web regarding Violence (domestic, gender, ethnic, youth, workplace, media…) : http://jfmueller.faculty.noctrl.edu/crow/topicaggression.htm

Four key strategies for reducing the consequences of violence: http://www.scribd.com/doc/50601103/16/Four-key-strategies-for-reducing-the-consequences-of-violence

Discuss the effects of short‑term and long‑term exposure to violence (here bullying):

Kidscape´s study on long term effects of bullying ( the survey was devised by Olweus):


2011 Young People’s Cyber Life Survey:


According to Mark Dombeck, Ph.D, The Long Term Effects of Bullying (as well as short term effects)  http://www.mentalhelp.net/poc/view_doc.php?type=doc&id=13057

Taken from the link above: “The following list, culled from my reading on this subject, summarizes some of the effects bullying victims may experience:

In the short term:

  • Anger
  • Depression
  • Anxious avoidance of settings in which bullying may occur.
  • Greater incidence of illness
  • Lower grades than non-bullied peers
  • Suicidal thoughts and feelings (In one British retrospective bullying experiences survey I came across (of unknown scientific value), 20% of the sample attempted suicide secondary to having been bullied, whereas only 3% of participants who were not bullied attempted suicide).

In the long term:

  • Reduced occupational opportunities
  • Lingering feelings of anger and bitterness, desire for revenge.
  • Difficulty trusting people
  • Interpersonal difficulties, including fear and avoidance of new social situations
  • Increased tendency to be a loner
  • Perception of self as easy to victimize, overly sensitive, and thin-skinned
  • Self-esteem problems (don’t think well of self)
  • Increased incidence of continued bullying and victimization”

Understanding The Cycle Of Violence

ScienceDaily (Sep. 24, 2008): http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080924153505.htm

Test: Paper 2 Option 2

Your essay question outlines:

Discuss the use of one research method homework


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